Such as, The 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami was caused by a magnitude 9.1 earthquake; it killed approx. On 24 May, 38 hours after the main shock of the 1960 Valdivia earthquake, Cordón Caulle began a rhyodacitic fissure eruption. Landslides destroyed colonial Spanish forts in the city of Valdivia and dammed waterways throughout central Chile. The tremor triggered a giant tsunami which caused destruction and deaths as far away as Japan, around a day later. Unable to subscribe at this moment. It was a typical subduction zone earthquake, occurring the near the shore at a focal depth of approximately 33 km (20 miles) and about 900 km (435 miles) south of the Chilean capital, Santiago.  In both of these locations churches were destroyed by the earthquake. Major flooding and disruptions in telecommunications services hampered rescue and recovery efforts. The tsunami also impacted much of the Pacific Basin, with buildings damaged and lives lost as far afield as Hawaii and Japan; even Easter Island and Samoa saw runups exceeding 4 meters (13 feet). A landslide blocked the outflow of nearby Rinihue Lake, creating a dam that threatened to burst and unleash a devastating flash flood – a danger averted by feverish work to lower the dam and release water in a controlled manner. Just 10 to 15 minutes after the mainshock a tsunami came ashore in the vicinity of Lebu, where runup was measured as high as 25 meters (82 feet). Part of the reason behind this was the limited infrastructure development of the region next to the rupture zone. AIR Worldwide is a Verisk business.Verisk Analytics®. Two fifths of Valdivia’s buildings were razed to the ground and many more were damaged, including much of the city’s industrial capacity. For most parts it had an intensity of IX or X. TWO men were convicted of the sacrifice but released when a judge ruled they had been compelled to act by the irresistible force of ancestral tradition. Each tsunami consists of a succession of waves that arrive from 12 to 20 minutes apart. You should know: Two members of the indigenous Mapuche community from Chile’s Araucania region made a human sacrifice in an attempt to placate angry gods that had sent earthquake and flood. | Trademarks. The tsunami caused 231 deaths and $625,000,000 in damage in Hawaii, … On the 22nd of May 1960, the world’s largest earthquake which was documented occurred very close to Valdivia, Chile. A five-year-old boy had his arms and legs cut off, with the severed limbs being stuck into the beach like talismanic posts to be carried away by the tide. | Condition of Use Some of the most spectacular damage occurred at Olive View Hospital in Sylmar, California, where 49 people died despite its supposedly earthquake-resistant construction. A prime example of an earthquake that wreaked havoc on Earth was the Great Chilean Earthquake. The earthquake pushed up a small area of the South Pacific Ocean, creating a massive tsunami travelling at 200 miles per hour across the ocean causing major damage to other countries and islands like Hawaii, Japan, the Philippines as well as the entire West Coast of the United States. In order to proceed complete the captcha below.  Over all this indicates the rupture zone was about 640 km long, with most damage being concentrated in the middle section (Valdivia). It occurred in the afternoon (3:11 pm local time), and the resulting tsunami affected southern Chile, Hawaii, Japan, the Philippines, eastern New Zealand, southeast Australia, and the Aleutian Islands in Alaska. $550 Million Dollar Economic damage (Which today’s value is >$4.8 Billion Dollar) The Valdivia earthquake also triggered a massive tsunami that raced across the Pacific.  Together with earthquakes in 1575 and 1837 the earthquake is among the historical predecessors to the great 1960 earthquake. Waves as high as 10.7 metres (35 ft) were recorded 10,000 kilometres from the epicenter, and as far away as Japan and the Philippines. The email address Olive View Hospital in Sylmar, California after 1971 San Fernando earthquake. Two of these quakes were merely a month apart, and started the year in a very destructive way. Each tsunami may also have its maximum crest at a different location. The 1960 Valdivia Earthquake – Left 2 Million People Homeless; Approx. | Your California Privacy Rights with a minimum of 230,000 people in a dozen countries and cost about $15 Billion Dollars damage. The 1960 Valdivia earthquake or Great Chilean Earthquake of Sunday, 22 May 1960 is to date the most powerful megathrust earthquake ever recorded on Earth, rating 9.5 on the moment magnitude scale. Shaking lasted 10 minutes or so as more than 1,609 km (1,000 miles) of fault ruptured along the subduction zone at the interface of the Nazca and South American plates—one of the longest ruptures ever reported.
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